The Crown Heads of Europe

from kingdoms and empires of early modern

period

to existing monarchs today

( 2018)

NOT INCLUDING THE KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND HER EMPIRE

THIS HAS ITS OWN WEB PAGE

HERE IS THE LINK

PART ONE

THE SPANISH EMPIRE

Now only 

The Kingdom of Spain

THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE

The Current

KING OF SPAIN

Felipe VI 

Enthroned 19 June 2014 

THE KINGDOM OF POLAND

Since 1573, after the ruling Jagiellon dynasty died out.

Poland was not a traditional hereditary monarchy.

Instead, we had elections where the nobility chose the king from several candidates. That king would serve until his death, and was bound by promises to the nobility and privileges granted to the nobility by his predecessors. His children did not automatically inherit the throne, instead his successor was elected - though it happened that children were elected so they had mini-dynasties.

One of such dynasties was the Saxon dynasty: Poland was in a personal Union with Saxony until 1763 ( same king)

In the 1764 election, a local noble was chosen: Stanislaw August Poniatowski. He was the last king whose reign ended with the partitions of Poland. But, legally, his children did not hold any claim to the throne.

HOWEVER, the 3rd of May Constitution, ratified before the second partition of Poland, stipulated that the Wettin dynasty (rulers of Saxony, as mentioned earlier) would be hereditary rulers of Poland.

The last heir of the Wettin dynasty, Maria Emanuel von Wettin, died childless in 2012. To pass his mantle, he adopted Alexander de Saxe-Gessaphe, Margrave of Meissen as his son (Alexander was actually the oldest son of his second sister). This caused some controversy within the family, and there is a second claimant to be the head of the house, prince Rüdiger,Margrave of Meissen

SOURCE:

WRITTEN BY Zbigniew Łobocki,

 https://www.quora.com/What-happened-to-the-Polish-Royal-family-after-the-partitions-of-Poland-Are-there-any-descendants-of-them-alive-today

Early Modern European Kingdoms

That may or may not exist today

THE KINGDOM OF FRANCE

AND HER COLONIES

The Current Unrecognised Monarch

HRH King Henri VII 

Prince Henri of Orléans,

Count of Paris, Duke of France

Heir of Henri Bourbon,

Count of Chambord

Descendant of King Louis Philippe

King of France

HOUSE OF ORLEANS

 

HRH King Henri VI
Henri Robert Ferdinand Marie Louis Phillippe d'Orleans
b.1908  d.1999) 
And his prince Henry Phillippe 
Pierre Marie
s'Orleans
Henri Philippe Pierre Marie d'Orléans;
Born: 14 June 1933 
HIS FATHER
THE KING OF FRANCE
HRH King Henri VI
Le Comte de Paris
Henri Robert Ferdinand Marie Louis Phillippe d'Orleans
b.1908  d.1999) 
As a Legionnaire in 1940 WW2

HIS HEIR

 Prince Charles Pierre Marie d'Orléans

Comte de Paris

Born 19th May 1965

THE KINGDOM OF PORTUGAL
And
Empire of Brazil
( Former)

Deposition

Kingdom of Portugal:1910

Empire of Brazil:1889

Next in Line of succession to the former Portuguese throne

HRM

Duarte Pio João Miguel Gabriel Rafael

Duke of Braganza

born 15 May 1945

head of the 

Most Serene House

of Braganza
 

Manuel II, the last King of Portugal and the last Braganza monarch

THE POSSIBLE KING OF POLAND

Maria Emanuel von Wettin

Margrave of Meissen 

(31 January 1926 – 23 July 2012)

Born31 January 1926
Prüfening AbbeyBavaria, Germany

 

was the head of the 

Royal House of Saxony.

(Wettin)

KINGDOM OF DENMARK

The Current

QUEEN OF DENMARK

HM Queen Margrethe II

Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid

Queen of Denmark

Crowned- 1972

HER HEIR
Crown Prince Frederik André Henrik Christian
 Crown Prince of Denmark, Count of Monpezat.
Born 26th May 1968
POSSIBLE HEIR FOR THE POLISH THRONE
Alexander, Margrave of Meissen
 Prince of Saxe-Gessaphe 
 Alexander de Afif 
born 12 February 1954 
MunichBavaria, Germany
His mother was 
Princess Anna of Saxony (1929–2012)
His father was
Roberto de Afif, Prince of Gessaphe
 Dr. Jur
(mentioned as Catholic nobleman of Lebanon
of The Assaf dynasty 
  a Sunni Muslim and ethnic Turkmen dynasty of chieftains based in the Keserwan region of Mount Lebanon.
(Dissolution 1591)
 As his parents’ marriage did not meet the equal marriage requirements of the Saxon house law. Alexander legally assumed the surname Prinz von Sachsen-Gessaphe on 25 August 1972
Alexander grew up mainly in Mexico eventually taking over the running of
 his fathers company .
He married Princess Gisela of Bavaria
His marriage with Gisela enhanced his dynastical potential in the eyes of his maternal uncle, the childless Margrave who was left without a clearly eligible heir when Alexander's first cousin, the young Prince Johannes of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1969–87), was killed in 1987 in a climbing accident.

Possible Heirs

Contenders for the Polish Throne

POSSIBLE HEIR FOR THE POLISH THRONE

Prince Rüdiger of Saxony, Duke of Saxony,

Margrave of Meissen

THE TSARDOM OF RUSSIA

The Current but unrecognised
PRINCE OF RUSSIA
His Imperial Highness
Prince Andrei Andreyevich Romanov
Prince of Russia
 He is through his father the eldest great-great-grandson in the male line of Emperor Nicholas I Tsar of RussiaAnd his mother was the daughter of Tsar Emperor Alexander III Tsar of Russia. His uncle being Emperor Nicholas II the last Tsar of Russia, who was murdered in 1917 along with his family, during the Communist Revolution.
Prince Andrei ( Andrew) was born 21 January 1923 in London, England

born 23 December 1953)

is a disputed head of the 

Royal House of Saxony,

and the only agnatic (male line or paternal) great-grandson of the

last King of Saxony,

 Frederick Augustus III.

In 2005 Prince Rüdiger was appointed an honorary knight of the order of Henry the Illustrious

KINGDOM OF SWEDEN
KINGDOM OF NORWAY
AND
DENMARK

Denmark, Norway and Sweden established and formed the Kalmar Union in 1397. Following Sweden's departure in 1523, the union was effectively dissolved. From 1536/1537, Denmark and Norway formed a personal union that would eventually develop into the 1660 integrated state called Denmark–Norway. Prior to 1660, Denmark–Norway was de jure a constitutional and elective monarchy in which the King's power was somewhat limited; in that year it became one of the most stringent absolute monarchies in Europe.

The union lasted until 1814,when the Treaty of Kiel decreed that Norway (except for the Faroe Islands, Iceland, and Greenland) be "ceded" to Sweden; this however was not recognised by Norway, which successfully resisted the attempt in the 1814 Swedish–Norwegian War and afterwards entered into a much looser personal union with Sweden as one of two equal kingdoms.

In Norway, the 434-year union with Denmark is often called the 400 Year Night 

HIS HEIR
Prince Alexi Andreevich
Born 1956

STILL WORKING ON THIS PAGE

HIS HEIR
CROWN PRINCESS
VICTORIA
Duchess of  Västergötland 
Victoria Ingrid Alice Désirée; born 14 July 1977
KING OF LUXEMBORG

KINGDOM OF ITALY

Modern European Kingdoms & Principalities

That may or may not exist today

Kingdom of the Netherlands
Principality of Monaco

THE KING OF GREECE

HRH King Constantine II

King of the Hellenes

Crowned 1964

HIS HEIR
Crown Prince Pavlos
Crown Prince of Greece, Prince of Denmark 

KINGDOM OF SERBIA

THE AUSTRIAN EMPIRE

KING OF LIECHTENSTEIN

KING OF BELGIUM

THE GERMAN EMPIRE

KINGDOM OF BULGARIA

KINGDOM OF SAXONY

KINGDOM OF WUTTENBERG

kingdom of

romania

KINGDOM OF TWO SILLICIES

KINGDOM OF BAVARIA

kingdom of yugoslavia

kingdom of hungary

PART TWO

kingdom of albania

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